What If: Boanerges and the Jars of Clay

BOANERGES

Matthew 4:21
Going on from there, he (Jesus) saw two other brothers, Jacob (James) the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets, and he (Yeshua) called them.
Mark 1:19
Going on a little further, he (Jesus) saw Jacob (James) the son of Zebedee, and John, his brother, who were also in the boat mending the nets.

Matthew 13:55
“Is not this the carpenter’s son? Is not his mother called Mary, and his brothers, Jacob (James) and Joses and Simon and Judas?”
Mark 6:3
“Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, and brother of Jacob (James), Joses, Judas, and Simon? Are not his sisters here with us?” They were offended at him. 

Matthew 27:56
Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of Jacob (James) and Joseph, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee.
Mark 15:40
There were also women watching from afar, among whom were both Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of Jacob (James) the younger and of Joses, and Salome…

Looking carefully through the NT (as seen in the above verse samples), might one find evidence that Jesus was related to the Boanerges through his stepfather Zebedee?

JARS OF CLAY

Paul stated in 2 Corinthians 4:7: “But we have this treasure in clay jars, so that the extraordinary power belongs to God and does not come from us.”

What if this “treasure in clay jars”, instead of being an allegorical reference to the human body, is instead referring to the complete mission dictations of Jesus as may have been written down by one of the Apostles (Thomas?), preserved in ceramic jars sometime during the destruction of the Jewish Second Temple period, then buried by those who were later named the Ebionites and–as the Nag Hammadi and Qumran documents were–are still waiting to be found?

Secret Mark’s Bethany

My other intrepid amendment to Mark chapter 10 utilizing the Clementine Fragment,

indicated by [brackets]

:

1 When they had almost reached Jerusalem, as far as Bethphage and Bethany, near the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent on two of his disciples. 2 “Go to the village facing you,”he said; “and, as soon as you get there, you will find a foal tethered, which no one has ever ridden; untie it, and bring it. 3 And, if anyone says to you ‘Why are you doing that?’, say ‘The Master wants it, and will be sure to send it back here at once.’” 4 The two disciples went, and, finding a foal tethered outside a door in the street, they untied it. 5 Some of the bystanders said to them: “What are you doing, untying the foal?” 6 And the two disciples answered as Jesus had told them; and they allowed them to go. 7 Then they brought the foal to Jesus, and, when they had laid their cloaks on it, he seated himself on it. 8 Many of the people spread their cloaks on the road, while some strewed boughs which they had cut from the fields; 9 and those who led the way, as well as those who followed, kept shouting: “‘God save him! Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ 10 Blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David! ‘God save him from on high!’” 11  Jesus entered Jerusalem, and went into the Temple Courts; and, after looking around at everything, as it was already late, he went out to Bethany with the Twelve.

[“And they come into Bethany. And a certain woman whose brother had died was there. And, coming, she prostrated herself before Jesus and says to him, “son of David, have mercy on me”. But the disciples rebuked her. And Jesus, being angered , went off with her into the garden where the tomb was, and straightway, going in where the youth was, he stretched forth his hand and raised him, seizing his hand. But the youth, looking upon him, loved him and began to beseech him that he might be with him. And going out of the tomb they came into the house of the youth, for he was rich. And after six days Jesus told him what to do and in the evening the youth comes to him, wearing a linen cloth over his naked body. And he remained with him that night, for Jesus taught him the mystery of the Kingdom of God. And thence, arising, he returned to the other side of the Jordan.”]

12  The next day, after they had left Bethany, Jesus became hungry; 13 and, noticing a fig-tree at a distance in leaf, he went to it to see if by any chance he could find something on it; but, on coming up to it, he found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs. 14 So, addressing the tree, he exclaimed: “May no one ever again eat of your fruit!”And his disciples heard what he said.

15  They came to Jerusalem. Jesus went into the Temple Courts, and began to drive out those who were buying and selling there. He overturned the tables of the money changers, and the seats of the pigeon-dealers, 16 and would not allow anyone to carry anything across the Temple Courts. 17 Then he began to teach. “Does not scripture say,”he asked, “‘My house will be called a house of prayer for all the nations’? But you have made it a den of robbers.’” 18 Now the chief priests and the teachers of the law heard this and began to look for some way of putting Jesus to death; for they were afraid of him, since all the people were greatly impressed by his teaching. 19 As soon as evening fell, Jesus and his disciples went out of the city.

20  As they passed by early in the morning, they noticed that the fig-tree was withered up from the roots. 21 Then Peter recalled what had occurred. “Look, Rabbi,” he exclaimed, “the fig-tree which you doomed is withered up!”

22  “Have faith in God!” replied Jesus. 23 “I tell you that if anyone should say to this hill ‘Be lifted up and hurled into the sea!’, without ever a doubt in his mind, but in the faith that what he says will be done, he would find that it would be. 24 And therefore I say to you ‘Have faith that whatever you ask for in prayer is already granted you, and you will find that it will be.’

25  ‘And, whenever you stand up to pray, forgive any grievance that you have against anyone, so that your Father who is in heaven also may forgive you your offenses.”

27  They came to Jerusalem again. While Jesus was walking about in the Temple Courts, the chief priests, the teachers of the law, and the councillors came up to him. 28 “What authority have you to do these things?” they said. “Who gave you the authority to do them?” 29  “I will put one question to you,”said Jesus. “Answer me that, and then I will tell you what authority I have to act as I do. 30 It is about John’s baptism. Was it of divine or human origin? Answer me that.” 31 They began arguing together; “If we say ‘divine,’ he will say ‘Why then did not you believe him?’ 32 Yet can we say ‘human’?” — They were afraid of the people, for everyone regarded John as undoubtedly a prophet. 33 So their answer to Jesus was — “We do not know.”

“Then I,” replied Jesus, “refuse to tell you what authority I have to do these things.”

Another change is inserted into the Secret Mark, also indicated by [brackets], in accord with Clement of Alexadria:

Mark 10:46

They came to Jericho. [“And the sister of the youth whom Jesus loved and his mother and Salome were there, and Jesus did not receive them.”] When Jesus was going out of the town with his disciples and a large crowd, Bartimaeus, the son of Timaeus, a blind beggar, was sitting by the roadside.

A Letter Attributed to Clement of Alexandria

What follows is Morton Smith’s translation as it appears in his book Clement of Alexandria and a Secret Gospel of Mark (Harvard University Press, 1973).

A Letter Attributed to Clement of Alexandria

From the letters of the most holy Clement, the author of the Stromateis. To Theodore.

You did well in silencing the unspeakable teachings of the Carpocrations. For these are “wandering stars” referred to in the prophecy, who wander from the narrow road of the commandments into a boundless abyss of the carnal and bodily sins. For, priding themselves in knowledge, as they say, “of the deep things of Satan, they do not know that they are casting themselves away into “the netherworld of the darkness” of falseness, and boasting that they are free, they have become slaves of servile desires. Such men are to be opposed in all ways and all together. For, even if they should say something true, one who loves the truth should not, even so, agree with them. For not all true things are the truth, nor should that truth which merely seems true according to human opinions be preferred to the true truth, that according to the faith.

Now of the things they keep saying about the divinely inspired Gospel according to Mark, some are altogether falsifications, and others, even if they do contain some true elements, nevertheless are not reported truly. For the true things being mixed with inventions, are falsified , so that, as the saying goes, even the salt loses its savor.

As for Mark, then, during Peter`s stay in Rome he wrote an account of the Lord’s doings, not, however, declaring all of them, nor yet hinting at the secret ones, but selecting what he thought most useful for increasing the faith of those who were being instructed. But when Peter died a martyr, Mark came over to Alexandria, bringing both his own notes and those of Peter, from which he transferred to his former books the things suitable to whatever makes for progress toward knowledge. Thus he composed a more spiritual Gospel for the use of those who were being perfected. Nevertheless, he yet did not divulge the things not to be uttered, nor did he write down the hierophantic teaching of the Lord, but to the stories already written he added yet others and, moreover, brought in certain sayings of which he knew the interpretation would, as a mystagogue , lead the hearers into the innermost sanctuary of truth hidden by seven veils. Thus, in sum, he prepared matters, neither grudgingly nor incautiously, in my opinion, and, dying, he left his composition to the church in 1, verso Alexandria, where it even yet is most carefully guarded, being read only to those who are being initiated into the great mysteries.

But since the foul demons are always devising destruction for the race of men, Carpocrates, instructed by them and using deceitful arts, so enslaved a certain presbyter of the church in Alexandria that he got from him a copy of the secret Gospel, which he both interpreted according to his blasphemous and carnal doctrine and, moreover, polluted, mixing with the spotless and holy words utterly shameless lies. From this mixture is withdrawn off the teaching of the Carpocratians.

To them, therefore, as I said above, one must never give way ; nor, when they put forward their falsifications, should one concede that the secret Gospel is by Mark, but should even deny it on oath. For, “For not all true things are to be said to all men”. For this reason the Wisdom of God, through Solomon, advises, “Answer the fool with his folly,” , teaching that the light of the truth should be hidden from those who are mentally blind. Again it says, “From him who has not shall be taken away” and “Let the fool walk in darkness”. But we are “children of Light” having been illuminated by “the dayspring” of the spirit of the Lord “from on high”, and “Where the Spirit of the Lord is” , it says, “there is liberty”, for “All things are pure to the pure”.

To you, therefore, I shall not hesitate to answer the questions you have asked, refuting the falsifications by the very words of the Gospel. For example, after “And they were in the road going up to Jerusalem” and what follows, until “After three days he shall arise”, the secret Gospel brings the following material word for word:

“And they come into Bethany. And a certain woman whose brother had died was there. And, coming, she prostrated herself before Jesus and says to him, “son of David, have mercy on me”. But the disciples rebuked her. And Jesus, being angered , went off with her into the garden where the tomb was, and straightway, going in where the youth was, he stretched forth his hand and raised him, seizing his hand. But the youth, looking upon him, loved him and began to beseech him that he might be with him. And going out of the tomb they came into the house of the youth, for he was rich. And after six days Jesus told him what to do and in the evening the youth comes to him, wearing a linen cloth over his naked body. And he remained with him that night, for Jesus taught him the mystery of the Kingdom of God. And thence, arising, he returned to the other side of the Jordan.”

And these words follow the text, “And James and John come to him” and all that section. But “naked man with naked man” and the other things about which you wrote, are not found.

And after the words,”And he comes into Jericho,” the secret Gospel adds only, “And the sister of the youth whom Jesus loved and his mother and Salome were there, and Jesus did not receive them.” But many other things about which you wrote both seem to be and are falsifications. Now the true explanation and that which accords with the true philosophy…

[Here the fragment ends.]

Whom Did Jesus Love? Peter, John, James or Lazarus?

John 11:1-45
Now a certain man was sick, Lazarus from Bethany, of the village of Miriam and her sister, Martha. ​It was that Miriam who had anointed the Lord with ointment, and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother, Lazarus, was sick. ​

The sisters therefore sent to him, saying, “Lord, behold, he for whom you have great affection is sick.” ​

But when Yeshua heard it, he said, “This sickness is not to death, but for the glory of God, that God’s Son may be glorified by it.”

​Now Yeshua loved Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus. ​When therefore he heard that he was sick, he stayed two days in the place where he was. ​Then after this he said to the disciples, “Let’s go into Judea again.”

The disciples told him, “Rabbi, the Judeans were just trying to stone you, and are you going there again?”

Yeshua answered, “Aren’t there twelve hours of daylight? If a man walks in the day, he doesn’t stumble, because he sees the light of this world. ​But if a man walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light isn’t in him.” ​He said these things, and after that, he said to them, “Our friend, Lazarus, has fallen asleep, but I am going so that I may awake him out of sleep.”

The disciples therefore said, “Lord, if he has fallen asleep, he will recover.”

Now Yeshua had spoken of his death, but they thought that he spoke of taking rest in sleep.

​So Yeshua said to them plainly then, “Lazarus is dead. ​I am glad for your sakes that I was not there, so that you may believe. Nevertheless, let’s go to him.”

Thomas therefore, who is called Didymus, said to his fellow disciples, “Let’s go also, that we may die with him.”

So when Yeshua came, he found that he had been in the tomb four days already.

​Now Bethany was near Jerusalem, about fifteen stadia away. ​Many of the Judeans had joined the women around Martha and Miriam, to console them concerning their brother. ​Then when Martha heard that Yeshua was coming, she went and met him, but Miriam stayed in the house. ​Therefore Martha said to Yeshua, “Lord, if you would have been here, my brother wouldn’t have died. ​Even now I know that, whatever you ask of God, God will give you.” ​

Yeshua said to her, “Your brother will rise again.”

Martha said to him, “I know that he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day.”

Yeshua said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will still live, even if he dies. ​Whoever lives and believes in me will never die. Do you believe this?”

She said to him, “Yes, Lord. I have come to believe that you are the Messiah, God’s Son, he who comes into the world.”

When she had said this, she went away, and called Miriam, her sister, secretly, saying, “The Rabbi is here, and is calling you.” When she heard this, she arose quickly, and went to him. Now Yeshua had not yet come into the village, but was in the place where Martha met him. ​

Then the Judeans who were with her in the house, and were consoling her, when they saw Miriam, that she rose up quickly and went out, followed her, saying, “She is going to the tomb to weep there.” ​

Therefore when Miriam came to where Yeshua was, and saw him, she fell down at his feet, saying to him, “Lord, if you would have been here, my brother wouldn’t have died.”

When Yeshua therefore saw her weeping, and the Judeans weeping who came with her, he groaned in the spirit, and was troubled, ​and said, “Where have you laid him?”

They told him, “Lord, come and see.”

Yeshua wept.

The Judeans therefore said, “See how much affection he had for him!” ​Some of them said, “Couldn’t this man, who opened the eyes of him who was blind, have also kept this man from dying?”

Yeshua therefore, again groaning in himself, came to the tomb. Now it was a cave, and a stone lay against it. ​Yeshua said, “Take away the stone.”

Martha, the sister of him who was dead, said to him, “Lord, by this time there is a stench, for he has been dead four days.”

Yeshua said to her, “Didn’t I tell you that if you believed, you would see God’s glory?”

So they took away the stone from the place where the dead man was lying.

Yeshua lifted up his eyes, and said, “Father, I thank you that you listened to me. ​I know that you always listen to me, but because of the multitude that stands around I said this, that they may believe that you sent me.” ​When he had said this, he cried with a loud voice, “Lazarus, come out!”

He who was dead came out, bound hand and foot with wrappings, and his face was wrapped around with a cloth.

Yeshua said to them, “Free him, and let him go.”

John 13:23
One of his disciples, whom Yeshua loved, was at the table, leaning against Yeshua’s breast.

John 19:26
Therefore when Yeshua saw his mother, and the disciple whom he loved standing there, he said to his mother, “Woman, behold your son!”

John 20:1-2
Now on the first day of the week, Miriam Magdalene went early, while it was still dark, to the tomb, and saw the stone taken away from the tomb. Therefore she ran and came to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple whom Yeshua loved, and said to them, “They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we don’t know where they have laid him!”

John 21:4-25
But when day had already come, Yeshua stood on the beach, yet the disciples didn’t know that it was Yeshua. Yeshua therefore said to them, “Children, have you anything to eat?”

They answered him, “No.”

He said to them, “Cast the net on the right side of the boat, and you will find some.”

They cast it therefore, and now they weren’t able to draw it in for the multitude of fish. That disciple therefore whom Yeshua loved said to Peter, “It’s the Lord!”

But the other disciples came in the little boat (for they were not far from the land, but about two hundred cubits away), dragging the net full of fish. So when they got out on the land, they saw a fire of coals there, and fish laid on it, and bread.

Yeshua said to them, “Bring some of the fish which you have just caught.”

Simon Peter went up, and drew the net to land, full of great fish, one hundred fifty-three; and even though there were so many, the net wasn’t torn.

Yeshua said to them, “Come and eat breakfast.” None of the disciples dared inquire of him, “Who are you?” knowing that it was the Lord. Then Yeshua came and took the bread, gave it to them, and the fish likewise.

This is now the third time that Yeshua was revealed to his disciples, after he had risen from the dead.

So when they had eaten their breakfast, Yeshua said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me more than these?”

He said to him, “Yes, Lord; you know that I have affection for you.”

He said to him, “Feed my lambs.” He said to him again a second time, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me?”

He said to him, “Yes, Lord; you know that I have affection for you.”

He said to him, “Tend my sheep.” He said to him the third time, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you have affection for me?”

Peter was grieved because he asked him the third time, “Do you have affection for me?” He said to him, “Lord, you know everything. You know that I have affection for you.”

Yeshua said to him, “Feed my sheep. Most certainly I tell you, when you were young, you dressed yourself, and walked where you wanted to. But when you are old, you will stretch out your hands, and another will dress you, and carry you where you don’t want to go.” Now he said this, signifying by what kind of death he would glorify God. When he had said this, he said to him, “Follow me.”

Then Peter, turning around, saw a disciple following. This was the disciple whom Yeshua sincerely loved, the one who had also leaned on Yeshua’s breast at the supper and asked, “Lord, who is going to betray You?” Peter seeing him, said to Yeshua, “Lord, what about this man?”

Yeshua said to him, “If I desire that he stay until I come, what is that to you? You follow me.”

This saying therefore went out among the brothers, that this disciple wouldn’t die. Yet Yeshua didn’t say to him that he wouldn’t die, but, “If I desire that he stay until I come, what is that to you?”

This is the disciple who testifies about these things, and wrote these things. We know that his witness is true. There are also many other things which Yeshua did, which if they would all be written, I suppose that even the world itself wouldn’t have room for the books that would be written.

All verses from WEBME

Caput Merovingian 751 CE

“After Carloman (older son of Frankish strongman, Charles Martel), who was an intensely pious man, retired to religious life in 747, Pepin the Short (the Frankish Mayor of the Palace), became the sole ruler of the Franks. He suppressed a revolt led by his half-brother Grifo, and succeeded in becoming the undisputed master of all Francia. Giving up pretense, Pepin then forced Childeric (considered the last Frankish king from the Merovingian dynasty) into a monastery and had himself proclaimed king of the Franks with support of Pope Zachary in 751. The decision was not supported by all members of the Carolingian family and Pepin had to put down a revolt led by Carloman’s son, Drogo, and again by Grifo. Anointed a first time in 752 in Soissons by the archbishop of Mainz, Pepin added to his power after Pope Stephen II traveled all the way to Paris from Rome to anoint him a second time in a lavish ceremony at the Basilica of St Denis in 754.”

Pope Stephen II used the “Donation of Constantine” as his authority to coronate and anoint a usurper of a throne. In 496 CE the church had pledged that the Merovingian line of kings (beginning with Merovée-417 and ending with Childeric III-751) would have the support of the papacy in perpetuity. A vow they broke with the Donation of Constantine, a forged Roman imperial decree by which the emperor Constantine I supposedly transferred authority over Rome and the western part of the Roman Empire to Pope Sylvester I (314-335 CE).

Donation of Constantine

“It has been suggested that an early draft of the Donation of Constantine was made shortly after the middle of the 8th century, in order to assist Pope Stephen II in his negotiations with Pepin. In 754, Pope Stephen II crossed the Alps to anoint Pepin king, as well as his two sons Charles and Carloman, at Saint-Denis on 28 July (in a memorable ceremony that was recalled in coronation rites of French kings until the end of the ancien regime in the French Revolution of 1789-1799), thereby enabling the Carolingian family to supplant the old Merovingian royal line. In return for Stephen’s support, Pepin gave the Pope the lands in Italy which the Lombards had taken from the Byzantine Empire. These lands would become the Papal States and would be the basis of the Papacy’s temporal power for the next eleven centuries.”

Thus, did the Papacy assume the mantle of anointing secular royalty to become the martial arm of the Roman Catholic Church, a power popes have used for millennia to meddle in mundane affairs. This bogus Papal dynamism had never crossed the mind of Yeshua of Nazareth concerning his vision of the leaders of kingdom of heaven.

Yeshua summoned them, and said to them, “You know that they who are recognized as rulers over the nations lord it over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them. But it shall not be so among you, but whoever wants to become great among you shall be your servant. Whoever of you wants to become first among you, shall be bondservant of all. For the Son of Man also came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” Mark 10:42-45
[Quoted sources: Wikipedia and the World English Bible-Messianic Edition]

Body & Blood

During the meal, that some term,”The Last Supper”, Rabbi Jesus broke bread with his closest friends and shared (most likely watered) wine. (See references at end.)

According to Prof. James Tabor–in his book, Paul and Jesus–Paul (Saul of Tarsus) had a vision of Jesus (1Co 12:1-4) explaining the metaphorical significance of this fellowship meal to Paul. From these statements, in the Christian New Testament letters of Paul, arose the doctrine of transubstantiation (bread=body, blood=wine).

My take on this meal–and Jesus’ and Paul’s statements about it–is, that when we share food and drink in the fellowship of love (Mt 18:12) we all become one body kept spiritually alive by the blood flowing through the body, this being a metaphor for Adonai’s spirit (the blood) of Jewish unity (the body). No more nor less. Later on theologians amplified this meal’s significance with supernatural aspects and it was solidified into doctrine by the Council of Nicea at the Roman Emperor Constantine’s behest.

As to whether or not it was a Passover Seder is continuosly debated, but I think not. Below is a corroborative statement by Rabbi Gershon Steinberg-Caudill:

“The REASON the Last Supper was NOT a Passover Seder is based on the traditions of the Jewish people AND the “other Gospels.” The Romans would not have crucified Jesus on Passover for fear of causing a riot, which were especially volatile during the time of the Freedom Festival of Passover. If the Last Supper had been a Passover Seder, the next day would also have been Passover (a Seven day Festival).”

But, I DO believe Jesus knew it was his LAST meal, because he had set it up beforehand to be handed over to the Romans (Joh 13:27); yet that is another tale.

Mt 26:26; Mk 14:22; Lu 22:19; Joh 6:53-56; 1Co 10:16-17, 11:24-29; Gal 1:16;  Heb 2:14, 9:20